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Minor basilica is an honorific title granted by the Holy See to certain Catholic church buildings in order to emphasise their status. The title can be, but is not necessarily, associated with the granting of certain privileges to the worshippers and clergy, such as indulgences, special forms of clerical garb or the use of special liturgical items.

Both cathedrals and regular churches (that is, those administered by consecrated religious) have be granted the title although it has been stated that no further cathedrals will be so honoured.

The term is in contrast with that of major basilica. The latter refers to the four principal churches of Rome: San Giovanni in Laterano, San Pietro in Vaticano, San Paolo fuori le Mura and Santa Maria Maggiore.

The title of patriarchal basilica has been abolished.

The title of papal basilica refers to those churches where celebration of Mass at the main altar is reserved to the Pope. This includes the four major basilicas, and at Rome also the minor basilica of San Lorenzo fuori le Mura.

In none of these titles does the term basilica refer to the architectural layout or impressiveness of the church -look at Santi Benedetto e Scolastica all'Argentina for one about the size of a garage.

There are sixty-one minor basilicas listed by the Diocese of Rome; those parts of the municipality not in the diocese have none.

Minor basilicas in the Diocese of RomeEdit

Church Date of elevation
Sant'Agnese fuori le Mura Immemorial
Sant'Agostino in Campo Marzio 1999
Sant'Anastasia Immemorial
Sant'Andrea delle Fratte 1942
Sant'Andrea della Valle 1965
Santi Antonio e Annibale Maria 1931
Sant'Apollinare alle Terme 1984
Santi Apostoli Immemorial
Santa Balbina Vergine Immemorial
San Bartolomeo all'Isola Immemorial
Santi Benedetto e Scolastica all'Argentina
Santi Bonifacio e Alessio Immemorial
San Camillo de Lellis 1965
San Carlo al Corso 1929
Santa Cecilia in Trastevere Immemorial
San Clemente Immemorial
Santi Cosma e Damiano Immemorial
San Crisogono Immemorial
Santa Croce in Gerusalemme Immemorial
Santa Croce a Via Flaminia 1964
Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re 1965
Sacro Cuore di Gesù a Castro Pretorio 1921
Sacro Cuore Immacolato di Maria ai Parioli 1959
Sant'Eugenio 1951
Sant'Eustachio in Campo Marzio Immemorial
Santa Francesca Romana Immemorial
San Giovanni dei Fiorentini 1918
Santi Giovanni e Paolo Immemorial
San Giovanni Bosco 1965
San Giuseppe al Trionfale 1970
San Lorenzo fuori le Mura
(Papal minor basilica)
Immemorial
San Lorenzo in Damaso Immemorial
San Lorenzo in Lucina 1908
San Marco Immemorial
Santa Maria degli Angeli 1920
Santa Maria in Aracoeli Immemorial
Santa Maria Ausiliatrice 1969
Santa Maria in Cosmedin Immemorial
Santa Maria in Domnica Immemorial
Santa Maria ad Martyres Immemorial
Santa Maria in Montesanto 1825
Santa Maria del Popolo Immemorial
Santa Maria Regina degli Apostoli alla Montagnola 1984
Santa Maria in Trastevere Immemorial
Santa Maria in Via Lata Immemorial
Santa Maria sopra Minerva Immemorial
San Martino ai Monti Immemorial
San Nicola in Carcere Immemorial
Nostra Signora di Guadalupe e San Filippo Martire 1991
San Pancrazio Immemorial
San Pietro in Vincoli Immemorial
Santa Prassede Immemorial
Santa Pudenziana Immemorial
Santi Quattro Coronati Immemorial
San Saba Immemorial
Santa Sabina Immemorial
San Sebastiano fuori le Mura Immemorial
San Sisto Vecchio Immemorial
Santo Stefano Rotondo al Celio Immemorial
Santa Teresa d'Avila 1951
San Vitale Immemorial

In modern publications, including online, the following churches are listed as minor basilicas. However, the Diocese does not list them as such.

Santi Celso e Giuliano ("immemorial")

Santi Pietro e Paolo (allegedly given the title in 1967.)

Santa Sofia (allegedly given the title in 1998 -this is commonly being asserted.)

External linksEdit

Diocesan list of Rome's minor basilicas

Wikipedia list of minor basilicas in Italy