|Santa Maria Addolorata a Piazza Buenos Aires|
|English name:||Our Lady of Sorrows at Piazza Buenos Aires|
|Dedication:||Blessed Virgin Mary|
|Clergy:||Argentinian diocesan clergy|
|Titular church||Raúl Francisco Cardinal Primatesta|
|Address:|| 81 Viale Regina Margherita|
|Phone:||06 84 40 13 01|
|Fax:||06 84 40 13 51|
The church was founded by the Argentinian priest Msgr. José León Gallardo with donations from the Argentinian bishops. The first stone was laid on 9 July 1910, the centenary of Argentinian independence. Mrs. Seaz Pena, wife of the President of the Republic of Argentine, was present at the ceremony. Construction took twenty years, and the church was finally inaugurated in 1930.
Argentine was the first Latin American country to have a national church in Rome.
The façade has two stories, and is built in the style of ancient Christian architecture. In the centre is a depiction of the Lamb and symbols of the four Evangelists. There are also depictions of four palms symbolizing Paradise, of the four biblical rivers and symbols of the tvelwe Apostles.
The campanile, with seven stories, was built at the same time as the church.
Adjacent to the church is the community of the Argentinian diocesan priests who serve the church.
The floor is of polychrome marble laid in geometric patterns. In the centre is the coat-of-arms of Argentine. A memorial slab to Msgr. Gallardo is also set in the floor; it was presented by the Argentinian cardinals and bishops in 1964, when they were convened in Rome for the 2nd Vatican Council.
The high altar is decorated with onyx, and is covered by a baldachino supported by four granite columns in the Corinthian order. The choir is separated from the nave with an altar ring of white marble with intaglia. Bronze gates in the altar ring have the coat-of-arms of Argentine and of the Order of Mercedari.
The pulpit and lectern is decorated in the Cosmatesque style.
At one altar is a small statue of the Madonna of Lujan, principal patron of Argentine.
Mass is celebrated in Spanish on the first Sunday in the month, and on special occasions.
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