|Santo Stefano degli Abissini|
|English name:||St Stephen's of the Abyssinians|
|Dedication:||Stephen the Protomartyr|
|Denomination:||Alexandrine Rite (Coptic)|
|Address:|| Largo San Stefano degli Abissini|
00120 Roma (C. di Vaticano)
The church was built by Pope Leo III (795–816), and named Santo Stefano Maggiore. It stands above the ruins of a pagan temple dedicated to Vesta, and was originally built as a circular building with twenty Corinthian columns, which is a common plan for a temple of Vesta.
In 1479, Pope Sixtus IV restored the church and assigned it to the Coptic monks in the city. It was at this time that the name was changed to reflect that it was served by Ethiopians (formerly known as Abyssianians, although that is actually a perjorative term and should not now be used).
The feast of St Stephen is celebrated with great solemnity on 26 December.